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Removal Of hydrogen sulfide from biogas

The main aim of this study was to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from biogas by adsorption using synthesized activated carbon prepared using locally available biomass. The effect of the type of precursors, impregnation reagent and bed height was studied in continuous reactors.You can get information about removal of H2S via

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Three types of biomass wastes (almond shells, eucalyptus and coffee grains) were collected, grinded, sieved, pyrolyzed at 500°C and impregnated with chemical reagents such as potassium hydroxide or zinc chloride. Adsorption tests were performed using a fixed bed filter filled with the produced activated carbon. The highest biochar yield of 36% was obtained eucalyptus followed by almond shells (28.5%) and coffee grains (24%), respectively.

The highest adsorption capacity and removal efficiency were obtained with eucalyptus followed by almond shells and coffee grains, respectively. For instance, eucalyptus showed an adsorption capacity of ~690 (mg hydrogen sulfide/g adsorbent) followed by almond (230 mg hydrogen sulfide/g adsorbent) and coffee grains (22 mg hydrogen sulfide/g adsorbent). As an impregnation reagent, potassium hydroxide gave the highest adsorption efficiency and capacity than zinc chloride.

The results of this study showed that the adsorption efficiency of the synthesized activated carbon and consequently the hydrogen sulfide removal efficiency could be fine-tuned by selecting an appropriate biomass precursor and proper impregnation reagent.

During the adsorption process, the biogas is contacted with an adsorbent in which the H2S is collected on the surface and interior microstructure of the adsorbent. Several types of adsorbents have been proposed in the literature, including metal oxides, silica gel, zeolites, synthetic resins, and activated carbon . Activated carbon has been widely used for the treatment of wastewater and waste gases.