What is Type 2 Diabetes?
It is also known as non-insulin dependent or adult diabetes. This is a type of chronic disorder that increases insulin resistance or doesn't produce enough insulin to keep glucose levels balanced.
Although type 2 diabetes primarily affects adults, it also affects children today because of the increase in childhood obesity. Like type 1 diabetes, there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can be resolved through lifestyle changes, and can be specific about physical activity and diet.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
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1. Increased thirst and frequent urination: When blood sugar builds up, fluid is drawn from the tissues which cause urination. This is the body's own neutralization process. Frequent urination causes dehydration and hence thirsts.
2. Excessive hunger: Sugar (glucose) does not enter the cells to produce energy. This allows the body to experience feelings of dissatisfaction and need for it forever.
3. Fatigue and Lethargy: Because a diabetic's body can't use glucose, he always feels tired and weak.
4. Gradual weight loss: calories (stored energy) are lost when urinating. The body uses muscle and fat as an alternative.
5. Vision problems: When blood sugar rises, fluid can be drawn from the lens of the eye. This affects eyesight.
6. Slow freezing or healing process and frequent infections: the inability to heal and fight all kinds of infections.
7. Black spots: Usually on the neck or armpits due to insulin resistance.